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Advice for Asthma

Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment
Prevention
Common symptoms of asthma include recurrent episodes of wheezing (a high-pitched whistling sound when breathing), coughing (especially at night or early morning), shortness of breath, and chest tightness or discomfort. Symptoms can vary in intensity and frequency among individuals.
Diagnosing asthma involves a thorough evaluation of medical history, physical examination, lung function tests such as spirometry, and sometimes additional tests like allergy testing or chest X-rays. Healthcare professionals assess symptoms, triggers, and response to medication to determine an accurate diagnosis.
Asthma treatment aims to control symptoms, prevent exacerbations, and improve overall lung function. It usually involves a combination of medications, such as inhalers (bronchodilators and corticosteroids) to open the airways and reduce inflammation. Long-term controller medications are used to manage chronic symptoms, while quick-relief medications provide immediate relief during asthma attacks. Lifestyle changes and avoiding triggers are also essential components of asthma management.
Prevention strategies for asthma attacks involve identifying and avoiding triggers, such as allergens (pollen, pet dander), irritants (cigarette smoke, strong odors), exercise-induced triggers, and respiratory infections. Maintaining a clean and dust-free environment, using proper air filtration systems, and practicing good respiratory hygiene can help reduce the risk of attacks. Regular follow-ups with healthcare professionals and adherence to prescribed medication plans are crucial for prevention.